Friday, November 13, 2009

Corneal Transplant

Corneal Transplant :

Diseased corneas can now be replaced successfully by transplanting a human donor cornea to the diseased eye. Replacing the unhealthy cornea with a healthy cornea is the only way of restoring vision. CORNEAL TRANSPLANTATION is one of the most successful organ transplant surgeries.

Corneas for transplant come from individuals who have donated their eyes for use after death who is free from transmissible diseases like HIV, Hepatitis and Syphilis. The donor cornea is itself screened for any pathology and then stored in a nutritive medium temporarily till use.

The donor cornea is secured on the patient’s eye with fine thin sutures made of nylon; about 8 to 16 sutures are put. These sutures can be removed later on after a period of 3 to 6 months. The corneal transplant procedure can be combined with cataract surgery and lens implantation when it is called “triple procedure”.

The success rate of a corneal transplantation procedure is over 90% in majority of cases. However the patient needs to come for regular follow-up after surgery for early management of complications if they arise. The most common cause of failure of corneal transplant procedure results from graft rejection which can be successfully managed if recognized early.

Have any queries please feel free to leave a comment subsequent response is assured.

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